June 22, 2022

The return of the “carcass”. When will the “new old” Tu-214 take off and where will it fly?

By Azlyrics

Ministry of Transport and "Aeroflot" consider the Tu-214 as one of the base models for their fleet. About what the last “carcass” is of the Soviet aviation industry — in aif.ru

Tu-214 — one of  modifications of the Tu-204, in which the capacity of fuel tanks is larger, which greatly increased the flight range. The aircraft was created and tested in 1996  But its mass production didn  — airlines “hooked” to cheaper foreign cars. In piece order, one or two per year, cargo "carcasses" are still produced today. These aircraft are produced by the Kazan Aviation Plant and "Aviastar-SP" in Ulyanovsk.

On the basis of the passenger Tu-214, there is a cargo version of the Tu-214F, and also a cargo model of the Tu-214C3, which, if desired, is easily converted into a cargo-passenger or passenger version. In the course of the resumption of mass production of the Tu-214, it is possible to modernize the aircraft using the experience of Tu-204SM.

From 2001 to 2004  in Dalavia” The Tu-214 flew almost 14,000 hours, during which time there were only two non-critical breakdowns. By the way, those models that were produced in small batches were made specifically for the needs of the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation, the Federal Security Service, and the Ministry of Defense. Tu-214 flew from Khabarovsk to Moscow, Japan, China, Singapore, South Korea, from Moscow to India, Israel, Mongolia.

Tu characteristics -214

  • Range: 6500–7200 km
  • Cruising speed: 850 km/h
  • Tu- 214: 12.1 km
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 110.75 t
  • Capacity: 210 passengers
  • Length: 46.2 m
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  • Wingspan: 42 m

Comparative characteristics:

Foreign analogues: Boeing-757-200 and Airbus A321-200

Complies with world requirements for noise level in the area and emission of harmful substances into atmosphere.

Advantages of the Tu-214:

  • does not require import substitution;
  • significantly outperforms competitors in flight range — for Airbus A321 it is 5950 km, for Boeing 737-9 it is 5800 km;
  • cheaper in manufacturing — 25-30 million dollars versus 110 million for Airbus A321 and 65 million for Boeing-757-200

Wingspan exceeds Airbus A321 by almost 8, and Boeing 757-200 by 4 meters. Due to these indicators, the Tu-214, according to pilots, is more stable controlled even at difficult airfields and in general, it is noticeably more comfortable than most aircraft in class.

Disadvantages of the Tu-214


  • high hourly fuel consumption — 3700 kg versus 3600 for the Boeing-757-200 and 3200 for the Airbus A321

"Tu-214s burn more jet fuel than Boeings and airbuses — says Roman Gusarov, editor-in-chief of the Avia.ru portal. — They required not two, but three pilots. In addition, today we will be able to assemble                           ) This means that it will take 230 years to replace our fleet. Yes and then, if they strain a lot. They cannot raise labor productivity there, because the technologies are old. They can only expand. But where will they find specialists for this extension?  We don't have trained personnel».

For comparison — Boeing Corporation can annually produce 600 narrow-body aircraft.

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Источник aif.ru