How did the referendums on joining four regions to Russia end?
Electoral commissions in the DPR, LPR, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions summed up the results of referendums for accession. What will follow the referendums and when the regions can become part of Russia – in the material RBC media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >
What were the results of the referendums
The Republic of Donbass, as well as the authorities of the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions controlled by the Russian military, summed up the results of the referendums on joining Russia.
Voting results look like this:
- LNR— 98.42% voted for joining Russia
- DNR— 99.23% for joining Russia
- Kherson region— 87.05% for joining Russia
- Zaporozhye region— 93.11% for joining Russia
The total turnout in the LPR, according to the local CEC, was 92.6%. In the DNR in the DNR— 97.51%, in the Kherson region— 76.86%, and in Zaporozhye— 85.4%.
The pro-Russian Zaporozhye and Kherson civil-military administrations intend to declare the region's independence within administrative boundaries. At the same time, in the Zaporozhye region, they control only the southern and central parts, the capital of the region— the administrative center of Zaporozhye is controlled by Kyiv.
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How the voting went
The referenda went on for five days— in the first four days, voting took place in the adjoining territories and during the address bypass; on the last & mdash; September 27— on the plots. The organizers explained this decision for security reasons. By the evening of September 25, the referendums in the DPR, LPR and in the Russian-controlled territory of the Zaporozhye region were declared valid as a result of a turnout exceeding 50%: according to the central election commissions of the DPR and LPR, 77.12 and 76.09% of voters voted in three days, respectively. Kherson region exceeded the threshold of half the voters the next morning. Schools and colleges were on vacation during the voting period.
Polling stations for residents of the DPR, LPR, Zaporozhye and Kherson regions were opened in 84 Russian regions, there were about 600 stations, the CEC of Russia reported. Most of them were discovered in the south of Russia. CEC Deputy Chairman Nikolai Bulaev spoke of “hundreds of thousands of people” who are forced to stay in Russia and wish to vote. In total, more than 4 million people have arrived in Russia from the zone of military operation since February, Ombudsman Tatyana Moskalkova noted.
At the polling station, one had to present a passport or other document proving one's identity and confirming one's residence in the territory of one of the republics or regions. Residents of the Kherson region who lost their documents voted on a photocopy of their identity card if they were included in the voter lists, and citizens without documents could bring witnesses who would confirm the residence of the voter in the territory, explained the head of the local CEC Marina Zakharova.
Significant part of the voters was added to the lists additionally directly at the polling stations. “In particular, in polling stations formed abroad, the lists are compiled from scratch, that is, every citizen of the republic who comes to vote is entered into them,” — said the head of the Central Election Commission of the DPR, Vladimir Vysotsky, adding that some of the voters could not be taken into account initially.
When the regions can become part of Russia
Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov said on September 27 that all Russian authorities are ready to join the country with new regions. State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin promised that the House would support the decision to join the DPR and LPR to Russia, if it is adopted.
Following the results of the referendums on joining the LPR, DPR, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions, the authorities planned a rally in the center of Moscow, sources told RBC. It is tentatively scheduled for September 30, where Vladimir Putin is scheduled to speak. This can be combined with the signing of an agreement on joining Russia with the LPR, DPR, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions.
The Federation Council may consider the entry of new subjects into Russia on October 4, speaker of the chamber Valentina Matvienko said, adding that she does not see the need for an extraordinary meeting of the chamber. Andrey Klishas, Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Legislation and State Building, also noted that the need for “artificial acceleration of the constitutional procedure for the admission of new subjects to Russia” no. Klishas added that the inclusion procedure would require amendments to the text of the Russian Constitution.
The head of the LPR, Leonid Pasechnik, has already announced plans to visit Moscow with an appeal to Putin. According to Pasechnik, he hopes that “today-tomorrow” will go to Moscow. The head of the Zaporozhye region, Yevhen Balitsky, and the head of the military-civilian administration, Volodymyr Saldo, also announced their intention to visit the capital of Russia after the announcement of the results of the referendum.
Russian legislation contains a procedure for joining a new entity— foreign country or part of it. Admission to the composition takes place on the basis of an international treaty, before signing which the President of Russia notifies the Federal Assembly and the government. After the conclusion of the agreement, the President applies to the Constitutional Court with a request to assess the compliance of the agreement with the Constitution. If the court finds no violations, then the contract, together with the draft federal constitutional law, which defines the name of the new subject, its status, boundaries, transitional provisions, is sent to the State Duma, and then to the Federation Council. After the adoption of the document by the Houses of Parliament in Art. 65 of the Constitution is amended— the names of new subjects of Russia are added there.
What will change after the joining of subjects
After joining the republics of Donbass and the territories of the Zaporozhye and Kherson regions controlled by Russian forces, Moscow will no longer conduct a special military operation, but a “counter-terrorist operation on its territories,” said the head of the Crimea, Sergei Aksyonov. He also expressed the opinion that these territories could have been annexed without holding referendums, since their inhabitants “have long been determined in their legal choice.”
The Kremlin reported that after the referendums on joining the DPR, LPR, as well as the Zaporozhye and Kherson regions of Ukraine to Russia, “dramatically” the legal status of these territories will change. The situation will change “with all the relevant consequences for the purposes of protection and security in these territories,” Peskov noted.
A wave of public euphoria about this seems unlikely so far, the head of the Petersburg Politics Foundation believes. Mikhail Vinogradov. “To put it in sports language, the citizens approached the referendum not at the peak of their form. Therefore, there are no signs so far that the expansion of borders can cause a surge of positive, commensurate with the Crimean one or with how the hypothetical demobilization would be perceived, — said the political scientist RBC.
The topic of legitimacy will not be paramount in interpreting the referendum, Vinogradov added. “Everyone who feels the need to recognize it has actually already recognized it,” — he noted. According to the political scientist, referendums and partial mobilization were declared as two elements of one event. “In the first week of partial mobilization, there were expectations that the Russian authorities were trying to seriously accelerate the dynamics of the conflict with these actions. However, will Moscow be able to cope with this growing dynamics and these two solutions have created a synergy that strengthens the Russian position,— this is still a question on which there is no unequivocal opinion, — the political scientist concluded.
How Ukraine and the international community reacted
The position and task of Ukraine do not change due to the holding of referendums on joining the DPR and LPR to Russia, as well as in the territories of the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions controlled by Russian troops, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry said. In early September, Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine Irina Vereshchuk said that Ukrainians would face a prison term for participating in referendums. President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky stressed that holding referendums would make it impossible to continue diplomatic negotiations with Russia.
French President Emmanuel Macron said that referendums in the Donbass and other regions “will not have legal consequences, and called them a “parody.” The authorities of Germany, the USA, Great Britain, Poland, Estonia, Turkey and a number of other countries also announced the non-recognition of the results of the referendums.
The UK imposed sanctions against 33 persons associated with the organization of referendums in the DPR, LPR, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions .
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